[et_pb_section fb_built=”1″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default” background_color=”#f7f7f7″][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default” header_2_text_align=”center” header_2_text_color=”#ff6600″ header_2_font_size=”36px”]

What are the 4 most common welding processes?

When looking into welding services, there is a wide variety of techniques available. These techniques range from gas welding to plasma welding, however 4 techniques stand out as the most common. These techniques are:

Each of these processes offer their own unique advantages and disadvantages and are ideal for specific applications. Fortunately for you, our experts at California On-Site Welding are here to explain when and why they are used.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section][et_pb_section fb_built=”1″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default” hover_enabled=”0″ custom_padding=”||1px|||” sticky_enabled=”0″]

MIG – Metal Inert Gas Welding

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_image src=”https://www.californiaonsitewelding.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/AdobeStock_387364482-1024×576.jpeg” alt=”metal inert gas (MIG) welding equipment isolated on white background” title_text=”metal inert gas (MIG) welding equipment isolated on white background” _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][/et_pb_image][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row column_structure=”1_2,1_2″ admin_label=”Row” _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

MIG welding, often called wire welding, is a process that continuously feeds an electrode current through a thin wire. This current creates an electric arc when it comes in contact with the metal it is welding that heats up rapidly. Once the metal reaches its melting point, it can be joined together with another metal, along with the wire rod that serves as a filler metal. The efficiency of the electrode makes this welding process a great choice when you need a welding service with minimal cleanup that creates very strong welds. 

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

Of course, there are also disadvantages to using MIG welding. The first is that it requires a shielding gas. This gas is used to prevent the base material from being exposed to chemicals within the atmosphere that could potentially lead to holes within the weld. While this gas serves the purpose well, it makes it difficult to use this welding process in a windy environment. The weld created by this process, while very strong, is ineffective when it comes to welding thicker pieces of metal.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_image src=”https://www.californiaonsitewelding.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/MIG-Welding-Info-1024×904.jpg” alt=”MIG Infograph” title_text=”MIG Welding Info” _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default” width=”100%” hover_enabled=”0″ sticky_enabled=”0″][/et_pb_image][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default” locked=”off”]

The advantages of MIG welding are numerous as well. First, the process is very versatile and can be used in a lot of applications. In fact MIG welding is capable of being used on almost every metal. MIG welding is also one of the fastest types of welding that does not sacrifice the quality of the weld. Some of the more common applications for MIG welding are: pipe repair, automative repair, sheet welding and more.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section][et_pb_section fb_built=”1″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default” background_color=”#f7f7f7″][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

TIG – Tungsten Inert Gas Welding

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_image src=”https://www.californiaonsitewelding.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/AdobeStock_387364528-1024×576.jpeg” alt=”tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding equipment isolated on white background” title_text=”tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding equipment isolated on white background” _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][/et_pb_image][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row column_structure=”1_2,1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_image src=”https://www.californiaonsitewelding.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/TIG-Info-1024×904.jpg” alt=”TIG Infograph” title_text=”TIG Info” _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][/et_pb_image][/et_pb_column][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

TIG Welding is very similar to MIG welding. Both types of welding rely on an electrode current being run through a conductor, in this case tungsten. This electrode then creates an electrode arc with the base metal and rapidly heats up. Unlike in MIG welding, TIG welding requires a hand held welding rod to serve as a filler metal. The tungsten rod produces a small, but very strong electrode arc making it ideal for precision welds. 

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

The disadvantage to TIG welding is similar to that of MIG welding, the requirement of shielding gas. This shielding gas makes it hard to use in outdoor situations where it may be too windy. It is also more difficult to use, given the high precision of the electrode arc.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

There are multiple advantages to using TIG welding. First and foremost, the precision allows for a very clean weld with a high degree of purity. The welds made through this technique are highly aesthetic, and it can be used with very thin metals. Some of the more common applications of TIG welding include bike repair, vehicle repair, and machine repair.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section][et_pb_section fb_built=”1″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

SMAW – Shielded Metal Arc Welding

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_image src=”https://www.californiaonsitewelding.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/AdobeStock_387364483-1024×576.jpeg” alt=”Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) equipment isolated on white background” title_text=”Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) equipment isolated on white background” _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][/et_pb_image][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row column_structure=”1_2,1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

SMAW welding, also referred to as stick welding, is another type of electrode welding. In this process, an electrode current is ran through a metal wire rod with an exterior flux coating. As the electric arc heats up, the flux coating melts creating a gas shield, similar to the gas shields being used in the previous techniques without the need of an external gas tank. The wire metal melts as well and is used as the filler metal to weld the base metals together.

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

The disadvantages of SMAW welding, compared to the previous two, is the quality of the weld. The weld is is generally not as strong as the MIG or TIG welding processes. SMAW welding also requires more cleanup than the previous techniques. It leaves a layer of slag on the welding metal, and needs to be removed once the process ends. This process is also slower than the previous two.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_image src=”https://www.californiaonsitewelding.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/SMAW-Info-1024×904.jpg” alt=”SMAW Infograph” title_text=”SMAW Info” _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][/et_pb_image][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

The primary advantage of SMAW welding, is the lack of gas required. SMAW welding is easily portable, and can be used in a windy environment without the same issues that TIG and MIG run into. It is also able to be used at every angle, making it the best option for hard to reach places. Some of the more common applications for SMAW welding include maintenence and repair.

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section][et_pb_section fb_built=”1″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default” background_color=”#f7f7f7″][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

Oxy-Acetylene Welding

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_image src=”https://www.californiaonsitewelding.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/AdobeStock_387364428-1024×576.jpeg” title_text=”oxy fuel welding (OFW) equipment isolated on white background” _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][/et_pb_image][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row column_structure=”1_2,1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_image src=”https://www.californiaonsitewelding.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Oxy-Acetylene-Info-1024×904.jpg” alt=”Oxy Acetylene Infograph” title_text=”Oxy-Acetylene Info” _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][/et_pb_image][/et_pb_column][et_pb_column type=”1_2″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

Oxy-Acetylene welding is our final welding technique, and the only one that does not feature an electrode arc. This technique features a flame created through a handheld torch. This flame is fueled by a combination of oxygen and acetylene, and can reach temperatures of up to 3200 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature is hot enough to melt most commercial metals. As the base metal heats up, a filler rod is supplied by hand.


[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

Gas welding, just like SMAW welding, produces a layer of slag when used. This layer should be removed once the process is done. This type of welding also provides a less precise weld line and may not look as neat as the previous techniques. Oxy-Acetylene also creates large heat affected zones, so it may not be the right choice for repairing machinery that is heat sensitive. 

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”]

The advantages to Oxy-Acetylene welding come primarily from the high heat it is capable of reaching. This welding technique is able to melt virtually every commercial metal, and can be used in just about any welding situation. The flame can also be used to cut the metal. Some of the more common applications of Oxy-Acetylene welding are: shop fabrication, pipe repair, and joining high carbon steel. 

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section][et_pb_section fb_built=”1″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default”][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.9.2″ _module_preset=”default” link_text_color=”#000000″]

Deciding which technique to use can be difficult. Fortunately, California On-Site Welding is here to make it easy for you. Our team of experts has been providing expert craftsmanship to Southern California for over 25 years. We have the knowledge and experience to know which technique is right for any job. Contact us to learn more about how we can help you. For more information about the services we can provide for you, check out our services page!


Client Testimonials

Richard G. Pascuzzo Former President, All American Crane Maintenance

I’ve used the services of California On-Site Welding and Dave Cutsinger for commercial, industrial and residential jobs. They are prompt, fairly priced, reliable and provide high quality solutions to complex fabrication challenges. The welds are some of the finest I’ve seen and the selection of the right tool for the right job is always available due to their extensive inventory of welding and fabricating equipment. California Onsite Welding has been a part of many projects in the past and will continue as such, well into the future.

Scott Crail Quality Assurance Manager, Delphi Control Systems, Inc.

California Onsite Welding has been a trusted Supplier for Delphi Control Systems for over two decades. The quality, timeliness and expertise provided by California Onsite Welding has enabled Delphi Control Systems to continue to support its Customers with welded sampling and analysis products that always have a professional finished appearance.

Rene Freyre

Dave, from California on site welding came out to work on my feather light Weekend Warrior. Since my toy hauler was originally built for light trucks, and had mileage. I started to notice structural cracks in the welding joints that held the hangers for the leaf springs. This was causing additional structural damage on the trailer. Dave was extremely professional. I had google drawings on fixes others had performed. Dave, went beyond what I call normal work. Dave made recommendations of my pictures from Google, Dave welded pieces of steel in spots that others would take the short/easy approach. Without adding much weight, my trailer is now in better structural integrity that the factory model. I have taken several trips since Dave performed the work. The trailer tracks true, and is able to handle the rough terrain when I go to the desert. In my experience, I will never use anyone but Dave at Californiaonsitewelding versus anyone else. Dave, thank you for your meticulous and excellent workmanship. A very happy customer.

Mark Dubreuil, TLM Properties

Just want to send an email to thank California On-Site Welding for exceeding our expectations! Your company is FIRST class, 10 out ten for quality and workmanship. Dave was great to work with, always showed up on time and did fantastic job. Please feel free to use us as a reference should you ever need one!!

Patrick Joyce - Three Peaks Corp

California onsite welding took care of my critical welding needs! No drama or complications, did exactly what he promised, will use in future!

Leave us a review